About Crane, TX


Elevation is 2,575 feet.

The latitude of Crane is 31.397N.
The longitude is -102.349W. 

Crane County, Texas has 784.9 square miles of land area and is the 201st largest county in Texas by total area. 

Native Americans Indigenous peoples were the first inhabitants of the area. Later Indian tribes included Comanches, Lipan Apache and Kiowa.


According to the 2020 Census data…

  • There were 4,675 people, and 1,421 households, residing in the county.
  • There were 1,823 housing units.
  • The racial makeup of the county was 67.55% Hispanic or Latino, 53.22% White, 1.65% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 19.55% from other races, and 24.34% from two or more races.
  • There were 1,421 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, and 20.10% had a female householder with no husband present.
  • In the county, the population was spread out with 38.60% under the age of 18, 69.40% who were from 18 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.7 years.
  • The median income for a household in the county was $65,969, and the median income for a family was $72,652.

County Established and Growth

  • Crane County was formed in 1887 from Tom Green County and named after William Carey Crane, founder of Baylor University. Settlement came years later, and the county was not organized until 1927.
  • In 1900 the United States census enumerated only fifty-one people and twelve ranches in the county. As late as 1918 the county had no roads.
  • In 1925, Church & Fields Exploration Company obtained a permit late in 1925 to drill. The first well came in March 1926. By 1927, there were an estimated 6,000 people in the county. The town of Crane had approximately 4,500 people. Water was trucked in and brought anywhere from $1 a barrel to $2.25 a barrel. By the beginning of 1991 almost 1,552,324,000 barrels of oil had been produced in the county since discovery in 1926.


  • The largest segment of the local economy is in oil and gas production. The Waddell Ranch contains the single biggest portion of the Permian Basin Royalty Trust, with over 800 producing oil wells as of 2007. Crane County is one of the largest oil-producing counties in the state of Texas, with a total of 1.5 billion barrels of oil pumped since oil was first discovered there.
  • Cattle ranching and local government are other large employers; over 503,000 acres of land are used for livestock grazing.
  • Tubbs Corner is an unincorporated community in Crane County, Texas, United States. Its elevation is 2,474 feet.

Median Household Income

Local $65,969
National $65,712


The number of violent crimes recorded by the FBI in 2003 was 2. The number of murders and homicides was 0. The violent crime rate was 0.6 per 1,000 people.